Diagnosis and Complications in Diabetes

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Diagnosis & Complications

Diagnosis & Complications

Diagnosis & Complications in Diabetes

Know and Control Your ABCS

If you have diabetes, these key steps can help you get better control of your diabetes. Work towards your ABC goals in order to reduce your risk of having a heart attack, stroke or other diabetes problems.1,2 

A stands for A1C
The A1C test reveals the average blood sugar level over the previous 3 months. The A1C goal for many people with diabetes is below 7 percent.2

B stands for blood pressure
High blood pressure makes the heart work harder than it normally does. The blood pressure goal for most people with diabetes is below 140/90 mmHg.2,3

C stands for cholesterol 
You have two types of cholesterol in your blood, good cholesterol and bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol helps protect your heart and bad cholesterol builds up in your blood vessels.2

S stands for stop smoking
Not smoking is very important as both smoking and diabetes narrow your blood vessels. This makes your heart work harder.2

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*This is for patient education purposes only. Please consult your doctor/healthcare practitioner before starting any diet, medication or exercise.


  1.  National Institute of Health. Control the ABCs of Diabetes. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/healthdisp/pdf/tipsheets/Control-the-ABCs-of-Diabetes.pdf. As accessed on: 20/6/2018.
  2.  National Institute of Health. Managing diabetes. Available from: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/managing-diabetes. As accessed on: 20/6/2018.
  3.  American Diabetes Association. Healthy ABCs. Available from: https://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/heart-disease/healthy-abcs.html. Last edited: 25/2/2015. As accessed on: 20/6/2018.
  4.  WebMD. What Are the Complications of Diabetes? Available from: https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/ss/slideshow-diabetes-complications. Last reviewed: 15/5/2017. As accessed on: 20/6/2018.