While there is NO special diet that can potentially cure OA, a diet rich in antioxidants has been known to ease joint inflammation, lessen the severity of OA symptoms & reduce the other health risks.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, a bone and joint disorder resulting from wear and tear, and eventual loss of the smooth cartilage layer protecting the ends of bones in a joint. This degenerative condition could result from repetitive overuse (as it happens in certain occupations), or misuse, or lack of use of any particular joint. Excess body weight, genetic factors, or joint injuries can also contribute to OA. Studies suggest that below the age of 55, both sexes are equally prone to OA; but thereafter, women are considered to be more at risk of OA. While diet by itself can't be a potent cure for OA, certain foods high in antioxidants are seen to ease off the symptoms of some of the conditions.
Fatty fish or oily fish - like tuna, salmon, herring, anchovy, sardine, and mackerel, are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and help relax the muscles in the walls of blood vessels. In the process, fatty fish widen them, thereby resulting in improved blood flow and reduction in joint inflammation, stiffness and swelling. Nutritionists recommend at least one gram of Omega-3s per day within an arthritis diet. CXCL-10 proteins released by body cells are responsible for perpetuating joint inflammation and inducing bone destruction.
Kindly consult your doctor or dietician, to work on the best Diet plan, suitable for you.
Omega-3s are known to reduce CXCL-10 levels in the body and lessen painful swelling and soreness. Similarly, walnut, soybean, and pumpkin seeds have anti-inflammatory properties; so, they are able to contain the activity of pro-inflammatory chemicals in the joints to reduce pain in people with OA.
Fatty fish also contain Vitamin D, which helps prevent swelling and soreness by strengthening bones and aiding their calcium absorption. A low blood level of this vitamin is strongly associated with the OA condition.
We recommend that you consult your doctor or dietician, to plan out the most effective Diet plan, that suits your needs.
A Vitamin C-rich diet (though not advised for people with knee OA) is vital to the manufacture of collagen, a major component of the articular cartilage in the joints, which is responsible for the growth and repair of connecting tissues in the joints. Citrus fruits, strawberries, and broccoli are good sources of Vitamin C.
Adding a half cup of foods rich in high levels of quercetin (i.e. an antioxidant occurring in foods derived from plants, and capable of inhibiting inflammatory actions of various enzymes) like onions to the menu, can help reduce OA pain while improving joint health.
Ensure to discuss any diet changes with your doctor or dietician, in advance, to plan out the diet that works best for your medical condition.
Regular green tea (not the decaf variant) contains EGCG, an antioxidant that can be of help with pro-inflammatory molecules in the connective tissues, as it is known to slow joint deterioration and reduce pain. Spinach, sweet corn, and peas are seen to be beneficial to OA patients, while pineapple, grapes, and cucumber are known to lessen pain and reduce discomfort.
How much of these above food one consumes, can vary from case to case, so it’s best to consult your doctor before changing your diet.
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